Publications

2022

Utsav Maskey, Manish Bhatta, Shiva Raj Bhatta, Sanket Dhungel, Bal Krishna Bal (2022). Nepali Encoder Transformers: An Analysis of Auto Encoding Transformer Language Models for Nepali Text Classification. Proceedings of SIGUL2022 @LREC2022, pages 106–111,Marseille, 24-25 June 2022. © European Language Resources Association (ELRA), licensed under CC-BY-NC-4.0

2021

Sunil Regmi and Bal Krishna Bal (2021). An End-to-End Speech Recognition for the Nepali Language. Proceedings of the 18’th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 180-185, December 16 – 19, 2021, Silchar, India. ©2021 NLP Association of India (NLPAI)

2020

Improving the Recognition Accuracy of Tesseract-OCR Engine on Nepali Text Images via Preprocessing. Umesh Hengaju, & Dr Bal Krishna Bal, 2020. Advancement in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, 3(3)

Named-Entity Based Sentimen Analysis of Nepali News Media Texts. Bade Shrestha, Birat and Bal, Bal Krishna, 2020. Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Natural Language Processing Techniques for Educational Applications, Association for Computational Linguistics

Aspect Based Abusive Sentiment Detection in Nepali Social Media Texts. Oyesh Mann Singh, Sandesh Timilsina, Bal Krishna Bal, Anupam Joshi (2020). 2020 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM), December 7-10, 2020

Efforts Towards Developing a Tamang Nepalai Machine Translation System. Binaya K. Chaudhary, Bal Krishna Bal and Rasil Baidar, 2020. Proceedings of the 17’th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 281-286, Patna, India, December 18-21, 2020, ©2020 NLP Association of India (NLPAI)

2019

How Popular or Unpopular Have Your Leaders Been – Populrity Tracking and Trend Analysis of Socio-Political Figures. Bal B.K., Regmi S., Kafle K., 2019. In: Kravets A., Groumpos P., Shcherbakov M., Kultsova M. (eds) Creativity in Intelligent Technologies and Data Science. CIT&DS 2019. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1084. Springer, Cham

Named Entity Recognition (NER) for Nepali. Maharjan G., Bal B.K., Regmi S., 2019. In: Kravets A., Groumpos P., Shcherbakov M., Kultsova M. (eds) Creativity in Intelligent Technologies and Data Science. CIT&DS 2019. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1084. Springer, Cham

Efforts in the Development of an Augmented English-Nepali Parallel Corpus. Sharad Duwal, Bal Krishna Bal, 2019.Proceedings of the Language Technologies for All (LT4All) , pages 375–378 Paris, UNESCO Headquarters, 5-6 December, 2019

2018
Building a Natural Sounding Text-to-Speech System for the Nepali Language – Research and Development Challenges and Solutions. Roop Bajracharya, Santosh Regmi, Bal Krishna Bal, Balaram Prasain, 2018. Proc. The 6th Intl. Workshop on Spoken Language Technologies for Under-Resourced Languages, 152-156, DOI: 10.21437/SLTU.2018-32. 

A Comparative Study of SMT and NMT: Case Study of English-Nepali Language Pair. Praveen Acharya, Bal Krishna Bal, 2018. The 6th Intl. Workshop on Spoken Language Technologies for Under-Resourced Languages, 29-31, DOI: 10.21437/SLTU.2018-19.

Towards a Content-based Defense against Text DDoS in 9-1-1 Emergency Systems. Bal Krishna Bal, Weidong Shi, Stephen Huang. 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security. October 23-24, 2018 Woburn, MA USA. 

2017
Enhancing the Quality of Nepali Text-to-Speech Systems. Ghimire R.R., Bal B.K., 2017. In: Kravets A., Shcherbakov M., Kultsova M., Groumpos P. (eds) Creativity in Intelligent Technologies and Data Science. CIT&DS 2017. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 754. Springer, Cham 

Analyzing Facts and Opinions in Nepali Subjective Texts.
Santosh Regmi, Bal Krishna Bal and Marina Kultsova. IISA 2017, The 8’th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications,28-30 August, 2017, Larnaca, Cyprus.

2016
Classifying Sentiments in Nepali Subjective Texts.
Lal Bahadur Reshmi Thapa and Bal Krishna Bal. IISA 2016, The 7th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications, 13-15 July, 2016, Porto Carras Grand Resort, Chalkidiki, Greece. 

Improving Nepali OCR Performance by Using Hybrid Recognition Approaches.
Nirajan Pant and Bal Krishna Bal. IISA 2016, The 7th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications, 13-15 July, 2016, Porto Carras Grand Resort, Chalkidiki, Greece. 

2015
What makes Facts stand out from Opinions? Distinguishing Facts from Opinions in News Media.
Santosh Regmi and Bal Kriishna Bal. Book Chapter, Creativity in Intelligent Technologies and Data Science, Volume 535 of the Series Communications in Computer and Information Science, pp 655-662. Springer, 2015. 

Detecting Sentiment in Nepali texts: A bootstrap approach for Sentiment Analysis of texts in the Nepali language.
Chandan Prasad Gupta and Bal Krishna Bal. In Proceedings of the Cognitive Computing and Information Processing (CCIP), 2015 International Conference, IEEE, 3-4 March, 2015 – Noida, India.2014
Analyzing Opinions and Argumentation in News Editorials and Op-Eds. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA), Special Issue on Natural Language Processing, 2014. 

Issues in Encoding the Languages of Nepal.Pat Hall, Bal Krishna Bal, Sagun Dhakwa and Bhim Narayan Regmi. In Proceedings of the 15’th International Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics, April 6-12, 2014 – Kathmandu, Nepal.2013
Analysis of Opinions and Arguments in Editorials and Opinionated Texts. Bal Krishna Bal, Rohit Man Amatya, Chandan Prasad Gupta. 34’th Annual Conference of Linguistic Society of Nepal, Kathmandu, Programme and Abstracts, Nov 26-27, 2013. 

Subjectivity Detection in Opinionated Texts. Chandan Prasad Gupta and Bal Krishna Bal. 34’th Annual Conference of Linguistic Society of Nepal, Kathmandu, Programme and Abstract, Nov 26-27, 2013. 
Polarity Context Over time in Newspaper Editorials. Rohit Man Amatya and Bal Krishna Bal, 34’th Annual Conference of Linguistic Society of Nepal, Kathmandu, Programme and Abstracts, Nov 26-27, 2013. 
2010
“Towards Building Annotated Resources for Analyzing Opinions and Argumentation in News Editorials”, Bal Krishna Bal, Patrick Saint-Dizier, LREC, Malta, Nicoletta Calzolari (Eds.), ELRA, May 2010.2009
“Towards Building Advanced Natural Language Applications – An Overview of the Existing Primary Resources and Applications in Nepali”, Bal Krishna Bal, In Proceedings of the 7’th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, Association for Computational Linguistics, Suntec, Singapore, August, 2009, pp.165-170 

“Towards and Analysis of Argumentation Structure and the Strength of Arguments in News Editorials”, Bal Krishna Bal, Patrick Saint-Dizier, AISB Symposium on Persuasive Technologies, Edinburgh, April 2009. 

“Towards an Analysis of Opinions in News Editorials: How Positive was the year?” Bal Krishna Bal, In Proceedings of the 8’th International Conference on Computational Semantics, Pages 260-263, Tilburg, January 2009. Copyright 2009 International Conference on Computational Semantics. 

“Who Speaks for Whom? Towards Analyzing Opinions in News Editorials”, Bal Krishna Bal, Patrick Saint-Dizier. International Symposium on Natural Language Processing (IEEE-SNLP 2009), Bangkok, October 2009. 

“Have we had Hard Times or Cosy Times? A Discourse Analysis of Opinions Expressed over Socio-political Events in News editorials”, Bal Krishna Bal, Patrick Saint-Dizier, Proceedings of the 7’th International Conference on Natural Language Processing (ICON-2009), pages 192-198, Hyderabad, India, December 2009. Copyright Macmillan Publishers India Ltd.,2009